1/12

Journal articles and book chapters (12)


Presidentialization, Italian Style

Presidentialization, Italian Style

Italy represents, in most respects, an ideal-type of presidentialization of the political system. All the main features of the presidentialization process have been present over the past twenty years. This has been the case in respect of all three “faces of presidentialization: the role of individual leaders has been greatly enhanced vis-à-vis their parties, while they have simultaneously gained a stronger autonomy of the prime minister’s office and the exercise of an increasingly monocratic form of rule. Presidentialization has also deeply affected the electoral process, with relevant changes occurring in each of its dimensions: campaign style, media focus, and voting behaviour have all come to reflect an increasingly personalized form of leadership.

E-Research: An Introduction to On-line Political Science Sources For Beginners (And Skeptics)

with Rosanna De Rosa, E-Research: An Introduction to On-line Political Science Sources For Beginners (And Skeptics)

The purpose of this review article is to contribute to monitoring and debating changes in the electronic research environment. We shall present an overview (mainly tailored to cyberspace neophytes) of some of the best electronic resources currently available on-line for political science, drawing from our experience as editors of IPSAPortal, the International Political Science Association’s website dedicated to selecting and reviewing the top e-hubs in our discipline. However, in venturing into political science cyberspace, we will try to offer a more general understanding of the major trends now impacting upon the internet galaxy. Much as we may be tempted just to stick to our little planet, we must be aware that it is part of, and emerges from, a much larger system.

Corporate Authority in a long-term Comparative Perspective. Differences in Institutional Change between Europe and the United States

Corporate Authority in a long-term Comparative Perspective. Differences in Institutional Change between Europe and the United States

Linear as it might appear in retrospect, this is a story which is seldom told. It is the story of the institutional link between modern American corporations and their ancient European ancestors. This link – I shall argue in my paper – accounts for the flourishing of corporations in the young republic, to the point of becoming by the early 20th century – to pick up the Veblen’s definition – “the master institution in American life”. This is then, in the first place, a story of continuity and longue durée, stressing what these two strands of corporate development – east and west of the Atlantic – share within the Western legal tradition. A search for roots which have been forgotten along with their intellectual heritage.

Introduzione a T. Lowi, La scienza delle politiche

Introduzione a T. Lowi, La scienza delle politiche

Considerato a pieno titolo tra gli iniziatori di un filone di studi che negli ultimi anni ha portato al rinnovamento della scienza politica, Theodore J. Lowi si propone di ripensare la concezione dello stato attraverso lo studio delle politiche pubbliche. Dopo di lui, Ie «public policies» cessano di essere semplici «case studies» e diventano un modo nuovo per comprendere i fenomeni politici. II tema di questo volume, curato e introdotto da Mauro Calise, che raccoglie i principali contributi di Lowi. La prima parte delinea iI superamento delle tradizionali concezioni unitarie del sistema politico, oggi sempre più differenziato in molteplici «arene» che fanno capo alle diverse politiche pubbliche. La seconda parte prospetta una separazione dei poteri affidata non più all’articolazione in corpi istituzionali, ma all’autonomia delle diverse aree. Nella terza parte l’attenzione si sposta sui possibili rischi dei fenomeni descritti in precedenza; ad esempio, iI ruolo crescente dei gruppi di interesse legati a ciascuna arena pubblica può portare a una corporativizzazione della sfera pubblica.

Remaking the Italian Party System: How Lijphart Got It Wrong by Saying It Right

Remaking the Italian Party System: How Lijphart Got It Wrong by Saying It Right

Italy is in the midst of a major party system transformation. The process has been gradual, caused by the decline of the former Communist Party and by the rise of the Northern League which has eroded the ’stable instability’ of the Christian Democrats’ one-party dominance. Yet the direction of change remains uncertain. On electoral grounds, the recently introduced majoritarian electoral law should encourage the formation of competing coalitions. However, this change is taking place just at a time when the awakening of long-established territorial cleavages is endangering national unity. A majoritanian government for a divided country might turn out to be the worst of the unintended consequences of institutional reform.

Introduzione alla comunicazione politica

Introduzione alla comunicazione politica

La comunicazione politica non è certo un’invenzione degli studiosi di questo secolo. Che alla base dell’agire politico esista una dinamica comunicativa è un luogo comune aristotelico molto prima di presentarsi come credo illuminista, e l’attenzione al linguaggio come attività costitutiva dell’universo dei rapporti politici è una costante della cultura classica che gli studi contemporanei si sono limitati a scoprire. In cosa allora la comunicazione politica innova rispetto a queste coordinate tanto note quanto controverse, in che senso si può dire oggi che esista una comunicazione politica diversa da quella di cui per decenni, anzi per secoli, si  è discusso?

Il governo

Il governo

Nella tradizione occidentale, l’idea di governo ha oscillato tra due accezioni, l’una più ampia, l’altra più specifica. In origine, il termine governo indicava la funzione del comando e della decisione, il luogo per antonomasia dell’agire politico. Il governo, espressione della sovranità monarchica, comprendeva ed esauriva lo spazio della politica. Con l’avvento del liberalismo, il governo viene, invece, percepito – almeno formalmente – come sottoposto alla legge, e tende ad essere identificato con un potere particolare: quello di eseguire, appunto, le leggi che il parlamento emana in nome e per conto del popolo sovrano. Il governo si trova allora a coincidere con il potere esecutivo, distinto del legislativo e dal giudiziario secondo la tripartizione canonica di Montesquieu. Tuttavia dopo la parentesi liberale di – relativa – subordinazione al parlamento, il governo sta tornando ad occupare, ai giorni nostri, una maggiore centralità istituzionale.

Il governo elettronico: visioni, primi risultati e un’agenda di ricerca

with Rosanna de Rosa, Il governo elettronico: visioni, primi risultati e un’agenda di ricerca

E-government is commonly defined as a process of technological transformation of administrative organization and routines, with its main aim consisting in a more efficient and interactive provision of – and access to – public services. Thanks to the pervasive and globalizing impact of the ICT revolution and the Internet, e-government has rapidly become a key policy platform for bureaucratic reform. Yet, the growth of governmental intervention through electronic reingineering of the administrative branch also raises critical questions of democratic accountability. This article presents a state of the art assessment of the development of e-government by a) reviewing its main ideological manifestos originating from governmental, international and corporate actors, b) evaluating two major cross-national surveys of e-government recent achievements worldwide, c) defining a research agenda focusing on the (new) opportunities and (old) short-comings of the electronic fronteer.

Un decennio presidenziale

Un decennio presidenziale

The main argument of this essay is that Berlusconi’s ten years in politics have coincided with a process of presidentialisation of the Italian political system. By this term, the author means a phenomenon that has two fundamental dimensions: a political and an electoral dimension. From a political perspective, the process of presidentialisation can be described as the institutional strengthening of the head of State and of the leader within his own political party. From an electoral perspective, this change modifies the very essence of electoral campaigning, transforming it from a party-centred process into campaigns that focus on the leaders and their personalities.

The Italian Particracy: Beyond President and Parliament

The Italian Particracy: Beyond President and Parliament

Mass politics has brought new actors into the governmental arena, with their own specific connection to the process of legitimation and executive organization. Yet an old name – parties – has been used to designate these new actors and this has created some confusion at least on constitutional grounds, where parties have continued to be perceived as a divisive force in respect of the governmental unity that the constitution had to preserve. In analyzing the first Italian Republic, I shall disregard the conventional classification of Italy as a parliamentary regime and introduce a type of governmental system that in my view can best account for the main achievements and shortcomings of the post-World War II period. Italy is neither a presidential nor a parliamentary regime: Italy is a particracy, a term that, much as it might appear self-evident, calls for some specification.

Da sponda a sponda: la metamorfosi corporativa tra Europa e America

Da sponda a sponda: la metamorfosi corporativa tra Europa e America

Per lineare che possa apparire se considerata in retrospettiva, quella che segue è una vicenda che viene raramente narrata. È la storia del legame istituzionale tra le moderne corporazioni americane e i loro antichi antenati europei. Questo legame – è quanto cercherò di argomentare nel mio saggio – rende conto del prosperare e proliferare di corporazioni nella giovane repubblica fino a diventare alle soglie del ventesimo secolo – per usare la definizione di Veblen – «l’istituzione basilare della vita americana».
Questa è dunque, in primo luogo, una storia di continuità e di longue durée, che mette in luce i tratti comuni a due sponde apparentemente lontane dello sviluppo corporativo.

Hyperpolitics: Hypertext, Concepts and Theory-making

with Theodore J. Lowi, Hyperpolitics: Hypertext, Concepts and Theory-making

Political theory begins with respect for the complexity of its conceptual universe. Hypertext, a language for organizing knowledge on a modular rather than a sequential basis, provides an opportunity to unscramble this verbal mixture and to reconstitute it with new understandings and a new source of creative political discourse. This article reports on an experiment in computer-assisted advancement of political theory. It presents the initial results of a hypertextual approach to the conceptual basis of the literature by: (1) selecting the concepts most frequently employed in a sample of political science dictionaries; (2) linking them to a number of textual and bibliographical sources for in-depth analysis; and (3) developing multi-dimensional linkages by placing each concept in a matrix of logically consistent relationships. Thanks to the Web, Hypertext opens the door to unlimited navigation through wider and wider domains. The Hyperpolitics platform is an attempt to make this compatible with the logical structure and informed guidance of higher learning.